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Vermont Sheriff's Department Histories
With the help of each Department we have gathered some history on each one.
Please select your county to learn more about it's history.
The Addison County Sheriff Department was established in the late 1700's and has been at it's current location since being built in 1845 to include a jail.
The jail had been in continuous operation from 1845 until 1971. The jail was re-opened in the mid 1980's and closed after the expiration of a federal contract in May of 2011.
Since then, the space has been renovated and is home to additional office space and a small gym for Deputies to use to work out.
The Addison County Sheriff Department currently has 14 full and part-time Deputies serving the Addison County Community.
Learn more about the Addison County department.
The Bennington County Sheriff's Department has a rich history in Vermont. Originally founded in 1781 by Sheriff Jonas Galusha, the department had no means of funding until 1986 when Gary J. Forrest was appointed Sheriff by Governor Kunin.
Gary J. Forrest served as Sheriff from 1986-2009 building the modern day Bennington Sheriff's Department. The Sheriff has worked hard to build a department that has deep reaches in the County.
In September of 2009, Chad D. Schmidt was sworn in as Sheriff, replacing the retiring Sheriff Gary Forrest. In February 2024, James A. Gulley, Jr., MPA was sworn in as Sheriff.
Learn more about the Bennington County department.
Caledonia County is situated along the Connecticut River in Northeastern sector of the state below Essex County.
The County is 658 square miles with a population of approximately 31,166.
The county Shire Town is St. Johnsbury. The county was given the Latin name for Scotland, in honor of the many settlers who claimed ancestry there.
Learn more about the Caledonia County department.
Chittenden County is situated on the Northwest side of the state below Franklin County and is at Lake Champlain's doorfront. Chittenden County is 614 square miles in his state's most populous County with approximately 157,491 people. The shire town is Burlington and the County was incorporated on October 22, 1787.
Learn more about the Chittenden County department.
The office of Sheriff is a vestige from tenth century England and was rooted in the common law. The title derives from the term "shire" meaning county and "reeve": meaning a bailiff (keeper). The "shire-reeve" was the local representative appointed to represent the kings interest. His responsibilities were to preserve the peace, which meant the arrest of law violators, be responsible for their detention and see that they went to trial.
The office of sheriff survives today with unique responsibilities which fall under both criminal and civil law. The powers and duties of the Sheriff have changed but the historical functions remain.
The American Colonies adopted the office of sheriff from Mother England. Today, the office of sheriff exists in all states except Alaska and Hawaii. It is a constitutionally designated office in thirty-five states, including Vermont. Traditionally, the Sheriff is an elected official and in most states, serves four year terms. There are in excess of three thousand counties in the United States and sheriffs exist in nearly all of them. The responsibilities of the office varies between and within the states though similarities do exist throughout the country. The office of sheriff is unique in that it has responsibilities in all branches of the criminal justice system.
There have been thirty-four sheriff's in Franklin County, Vermont since 1769. Some noteworthy sheriffs in the past include: Sheriffs Prince B. Hall (the first sheriff) and Thomas Russell (the second) who administered time in stocks and whippings in (presently) Taylor Park for misdemeanor crimes, Sheriff Solomon Walbridge (the fifth sheriff) who fought in the Battle of Bennington in August 1777, Sheriff Shiverick Holmes (the eighth sheriff), who was the only Franklin County Sheriff to hang a man (in 1820), and Renesselaer R. Sherman (the eighteenth sheriff) who served at the time of the St. Albans Raid in October 1864. He returned to the village and found his 15 year old son about to go on one of the posse's, chasing the St. Albans Raiders. Sheriff Sherman locked his son up in his jail and he went with the posse.
There have been six county jails in St. Albans with the present being built in 1893. Sheriffs to Sheriff (Senator) John Finn lived in the jail until 1969. The State of Vermont closed most of Vermont's fourteen county jails holding prisoners in the 1970's. At present, the Franklin County Jail houses Federal prisoners for the US Immigration Service, the US Marshall's Service, and the US Border Patrol.
On November 06, 2018, Roger Langevin was elected the 35th Sheriff of Franklin County. His responsibilities include furnishing security for the Franklin Superior Court and Vermont District Court, serving civil and criminal papers, transportation of prisoners, patrolling towns, motor vehicle and snowmobile enforcement, and furnishing security for special events.
Learn more about the Franklin County department.
Grand Isle County is Vermont's only water surrounded county.
It is situated on Lake Champlain in a chain of islands from around Milton to the Canadian border.
Grand Isle is Vermont's smallest county with 189 square miles with approximately 7,000 people Grand Isle's shire town is North Hero.
Located in the northwest corner of Vermont, Grand Isle County is comprised of five townships connected by bridges, and has over 7,000 full time residents. The population increases by almost five times in the summer months, as many people reside at their seasonal camps along the lake shores.
Grand Isle County is home to five VT state parks, and provides over 100 square miles of boating and fishing on Lake Champlain.
The Grand Isle County Sheriff's Department is located in North Hero, and provides primary law enforcement services to the entire county.
Learn more about the Grand Isle County department.
Lamoille County is situated in the heart of Vermont northwest of Washington County. It has an area of 476 square miles and a population of approximately 19735 people. The shire town is Hyde Park, and the County was incorporated on October 26, 1835.
Learn more about the Lamoille County department.
Orange County is situated southeast of Washington County tucked in the center of Vermont's Green Mountains. Orange County is 692 square miles in size. The County was incorporated on February 22, 1781 and the shire town is Chelsea.
The department works on a contract basis with many of the towns and maintains a strong presence throughout the county.
Learn more about the Orange County department.
Orleans County is situated on the Canadian Border directly east of Franklin County. It is 737 square miles in size. Orleans County was incorporated on November 5, 1792 and its shire town is Newport.
The department works on a contract basis with many of the towns and maintains a strong presence throughout the county.
Learn more about the Orleans County department.
Abraham Ives was the first sheriff of record in Rutland County, Vermont. He was born in Wallingford, VT in 1741 and settled his family in the Town of Wallingford of the "New Hampshire Grants" (Vermont) in the early 1770s. He was first elected Wallingford Town Representative in 1779, and again in 1783. His most important public office however, was as Rutland county Sheriff. He served four one year terms from 1781-1875, a job that required extensive paperwork and a good deal of travel over poor roads. In those years, Rutland County extended from the northern boundaries of Rupert, Dorset, and Peru to the Canadian border, containing at least ninety of the towns of present-day Vermont. All of these towns were chartered, either by New Hampshire or Vermont, but many were unorganized and sparsely settled. Part of Ives' responsibility was collecting the state property tax of 1783. Under the Debtor's Prison Law, many persons faced imprisonment because they could not meet their creditors' demands or pay their taxes. More property changed hands as a result of irregularities in Ives' transactions than ever before or since in Vermont's history. Ives and his agents had a reputation for being dishonest. Even after his term as sheriff ended in October of 1875, Ives found himself in a position so untenable that he fled to Wallingford, CT. The Debtor's Prison was abolished in 1833.
Roy H. Leonard (1892-1955) was born in Pawlet, VT in 1892. He was a WWI veteran, served as a member of the Vermont National Guard and as a Reserve Officer for 10 years. From 1925 to 1934 he was Chief of Police for Rutland City. He resigned in 1935 and accepted an appointment with the Attorney General's Office as a State Investigator. In 1936 Leonard was elected as Rutland County Sheriff and served for three terms until 1942. While Sheriff, he figured in the investigation of several homicide cases in which the state obtained convictions. He was president of the Vermont Sheriff's Association in 1938 and 1939. He was one of a three-member committee that organized the Rutland Post of the American Legion. He was also and exalted ruler of the Rutland Elks Lodge. Leonard took pride in the accomplishments of his office during his three terms of honest, efficient and courteous service to the people of Rutland County. He was one of the state's best-known law officers in 1942 when he went into semi-retirement. Suffering from a lung ailment, Leonard was advised to move to a warmer climate. He then relocated to Florida with his wife where he died on 19 March 1955 at the age of 63.
Geno N. Franzoni (1904-1955) was born in New York City on 4 May 1904. He was a law enforcement officer for 20 years having served eight years as a Rutland city patrolman and seven terms as a Rutland County Sheriff from 1943-1955. He had a wide acquaintance throughout the state and a solid reputation as a peace officer. During his term of office, and prior to establishment of the Vermont State police in 1947, Franzoni had to cope with the most dangerous law outbreaks in this area. He apprehended several men subsequently convicted of murder, solved many jail breaks, and was called in for hundreds of lesser incidents. Among the murders was Ronald Watson who was executed for fatally knifing Henry Teelon, a Rutland taxicab driver, at Chittenden on 24 December 1945. Watson was arrested by Sheriff Franzoni. Franzoni also captured Harold Frotten, alleged slayer of Robert Stratton of Woodford on 21 October 1944. Frotten, who had been incarcerated at the Bennington County Jail, escaped and drove a stolen truck to Granville, NY. Based upon a photograph of Frotten and a report that the stolen truck had been located in Granville, Franzoni traveled there, accidentally came upon the suspect, and took him into custody. Sheriff and Mrs. Franzoni operated the Beacon Restaurant that they built c.1947 near the Rutland Airport. Franzoni was also co-founder and treasurer of the Pico Raceway which was constructed on Route 7 on the site where the General Electric plant is now located. He was a member of the Royal Order of the Moose, Elks Club, Italian Aid Society, and the Police Benevolent Association. He died of a heart attack in Rutland, VT on 1 May 1955 at the age of 50.
J. Fred Carbine (1905-1977) was born in Rutland, VT on 23 June 1905. He worked for the Rutland Herald in 1928 as a route delivery driver, transferred to the News Room in 1943, and because Sports Editor and residence expert on local political matters. He served three terms on the Board of Alderman and was Board President from 1945 to 1946. In March 1946 Mayor Temple named Carbine as Police Chief to fill a vacancy created when Chief Harold Potter resigned. Carbine was very vigorous as Chief and vigilant in watching what his officers were doing. He had teams crack down on suspected houses of ill repute. His patrolmen never knew where he might show up to see if they were patrolling their designated area. Although carbine's men often grumbled about it at times, they did what their chief told them. Upon the death of Sheriff Geno Franzoni in 1955, Carbine was named by Gov. Joseph Johnson to fill out the term. When first appointed as Sheriff, Carbine had custodial supervision of the County Jail on Center Street. On one occasion Sheriff Carbine was beaten unconscious by an escapee but recovered in a few days and went across county to bring the prisoner back to jail. Carbine was a member of the New England Police Chief's Association and President of the Vermont Police Association. He was President of the Vermont Sheriff's Association from 1966 to 1968. The county jails were turned over to control of the state as regional correctional centers in 1969. Sheriff Carbine then moved his office from the old Rutland County Jail on Center Street up the hill to the Rutland County Courthouse. He made a special effort to accommodate attorneys by providing competent civil process serving, one of his trademarks. He called for an increase in the patrol duties of deputy sheriffs and for modernizing the police equipment available to deputies. He sponsored several schools for police officers and deputies of the county in conjunction with the FBI. Sheriff Carbine resigned in April 1976 due to ill health and died 12 August 1977 at the age of 72.
Lee D. Jones (1929-1996 ) was appointed Sheriff of Rutland County by Governor Thomas Salmon on 8 July 1976 and held that position for 20 years until retiring on 30 June 1996. He was a career law enforcement officer, having previously served as a Vermont State Trooper from 1954 to 1975. Sheriff Jones worked to improve and modernize that department beginning with a reduction in Special Deputies from 120 to 45 men and women. This resulted in more efficient training and a more dedicated work force. New in-service training methods were held every year and included accident investigation, report and affidavit writing, use of radio and radar equipment and firearms training. Sheriff Jones also set up a payroll system in 1977. Robert J. Elrick was appointed as Rutland County Sheriff to replace Lee Jones by Governor Howard Dean on 21 June 1996. Elrick, 33, had been Assistant Director at the Vermont Police Academy in Pittsford. He knew the county well and had developed valuable relationships in the community. He challenged the department's supervisors to cross-train deputies so they could deal with any situation that might arise. After serving as Sheriff for eight years Elrick returned to the Vermont Police Academy as Director.
Stephen P. Benard, a ten-year veteran with the Ludlow Police Department, who had 14 years service with the Rutland County Sheriff's Department, became the new Rutland County Sheriff.
The Rutland County Sheriff's Department currently has a jurisdiction of over 945 square miles of urban and rural areas. The department currently has 19 full time and 16 part time deputies. The Department is under contract to provide patrol services to Chittenden, Clarendon, Hubbardton, Pittsfield, Proctor, Shrewsbury, Tinmouth, Wallington, and West Rutland. Several businesses also utilize RCSD services including Southern Vermont Regional Airport, Carris Reels, CVPS, Devil's Bowl Speedway, Diamond Run Mall, GE, Green Mountain National Forest, Heritage Family Credit Union, Killington LTD, North County Properties and area schools. During 2006 these services amounted to 52,000 man-hours at a cost of $1.3 million. Deputies also respond to calls for domestic violence, assaults, breaking & entering, larceny, intoxication, shoplifting, automobile accidents, license checks, traffic violations, funeral escorts, court bailiff, transports, civil process and more. RCSD currently has 20 cruisers, two snowmobiles and one motorcycle. Standard weapon carried is a 40 cal. Glock model 23. Shifts are generally five to six days on and two days off, both days and nights.
By Paul J. Crossman, Jr.
Learn more about the Rutland County department.
In 1810 Jefferson County, Vermont was established. In 1814 the name was changed to Washington County, renaming the County after George Washington. Washington County is approximately 695 square miles and is one of two Counties' (Washington and Lamoille) that are not bordered by another State or Canada. In 1820 there were 14,113 people in living in Washington County. The 2010 census found 59,534 people now to be living in the County.
Montpelier is the Shire Town and is also the State Capital. The current State House is actual the 3rd, as the first two burned down.
Washington County's first jail was built into the dwelling erected by Montpelier's founder, Jacob Davis, shortly after his arrival as the first settler in 1787. That building was given to the County by his son Thomas Davis and was rebuilt in granite in 1832. Another jail was built in what is now known as Jail House common, at 24 Elm Street, Montpelier, Vt.
Completed in 1900, a new Jail and Sheriff's House was built at it's currently location, 10 Elm Street, Montpelier, Vt. The Sheriff's House is now the Sheriff's Office and the Jail has been remodeled into Probate Court.
The Sheriff's Office currently has 10 full time Deputies, two Office Staff members, the Sheriff and many part time Deputies. The Office preforms its statutory functions of transporting prisoners, mental health workers and juveniles as well as serving civil process. The Office is also responsible for security at Criminal, Family, and the Civil Divisions in Washington County, as well as Supreme Court. The Office contracts with 10 towns with in the County for Motor Vehicle Patrol as well as preforming a multitude of security and traffic functions throughout the County.
Learn more about the Washington County department.
The Sheriff's Department is a diverse organization of hardworking and dedicated professionals who are involved with many facets of our community life.
The Windham County Sheriff's Department's mission is to provide high quality court support services and effective, responsive, ethical and affordable policing.
The Windham County Sheriff's Department will be recognized as the county's premier law enforcement agency providing innovative programs, cutting edge technologies, and high quality services throughout all of Windham County while retaining the Department's reputation for being respectful, compassionate, fair and ethical.
For more information, please view our website: www.windhamsheriff.com
Learn more about the Windham County department.
Windsor County is situated in southeastern Vermont above Windham County. Windsor County is Vermont's largest County in size at 927 square miles.
Vermont history has recorded that counties were set and defined by the needs of a Probate District according to growth and population. This resulted in multiple probate districts. In 1779 there were four probate districts in Cumberland County (Guilford, Rockingham, Windsor and Barnet). In 1781 Cumberland County was abolished and the counties of Windsor, Windham, and Orange were formed. Windsor County was incorporated on February 21, 1781 and its shire town is Woodstock.
Learn more about the Windsor County department.